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Some Introductory Notes & Observations


The major railways in Ontario are the Canadian National and Canadian Pacific. Some shortlines exist(ed) including Algoma Central, RailLink, TH&B and Ontario Northland. Some industrial such as International Nickel (INCO). Go Transit (Ontario government owned) operate commuter services in the Greater Toronto Area and VIA Rail (Canadian government owned) operate long distance passenger service.

Austrian Mainlines:

Austrian electric locomotive numbers start with a 1, diesels are 2, electric railcar power units with a 4, diesel railcar power units with a 5 and non-powered electric driving units with a 6. The last digit following the dash is a computer generated check digit. The 2nd digit is significant if the 1st, 3rd & 4th are the same, it indicates a modified design, examples being 1016 (15 kV) and 1116 (dual voltage 15 & 25 kV) and 1142 indicates a push-pull modified 1042, 1144 are push-pull 1044s. Link to ÖBB electrics, ÖBB diesels & railcars

For keyboards without special characters or for URLs then a lowercase e is inserted after a regular O, as in OeBB. 

Austrian Independents:

Included here are the standard gauge Salzburg Lokalbahn and the narrow gauge Zillertalbahn and rack line of the Achenseebahn. Between Salzburg & Linz there are a number of electrified lines, both standard gauge and narrow, operated by  Stern & Hafferl. GySEV is another private company although jointly owned by both the Austrian & Hungarian governments. Link to Austrian Private Lines

German Mainlines:

German electric locomotive numbers start with a 1, diesels are 2, shunters with 3 electric railcar power units with a 4, diesel railcar power units with a 6, miscellaneous 4 wheel units with a 7, non-powered driving units for EMUs with an 8  and non-powered driving units for DMUs with a 9. The last digit following the dash is a computer generated check digit. German locomotives can be found working in various parts of Austria and Austrian locomotives work trains into Germany. Link to DB Electrics, Diesels, Electric Railcars and Diesel Railcars. Numerous privately owned locomotives operate in Germany. Link

German passengers trains are classified as follows:
ICE-Inter City Express are fast trains composed of fixed rakes of high speed loco and coaches. Some using tilting technologies
IC-Inter City trains are fast trains using conventional passenger stock and run between major cities.
IR-Inter Regional trains used to run between major cities and also serve intermediate stations but most are now IC trains numbered in the 2000-2900 series.
RE or IRE-Regional express trains are semi-fast trains. They are classed as local trains for "Lander Tickets"
RB-Regional Bahn trains which call at all stations outside and major stations within the metropolitan centres. They are classed as local trains for "Lander Tickets"
S-Bahn are local suburban trains. They are classed as local trains for "Lander Tickets"

Lander Tickets
Valid on weekdays from 9am until 3am the next morning for up to 5 adults or 1 or 2 adults with any number of their children on "local trains". It is also valid on certain city's buses and streetcars in that state (Lander) or group of smaller states. Details from the DB website here.

Major train station is Hauptbahnhof.
Regular station is a Bahnhof (literal house of the railway)
Platform or track number is Gleis.

German Independents:

There has been an increase in the number of Privatbahnen recently and some of these operate on former DB lines. Pages include steam powered Chiemseebahn & Harz Railways, the BOB near Munich and the Vogtlandbahn in Eastern Bavaria and Western Saxony. Link to them.

Hungarian Mainlines:

Most services in Hungary are operated by MÁV which is the government railway. Services around Sopron are operated by GySEV. Electrification is at 25,000 volts. Locomotives are numbered with the first letter indicating power (V is electric & M is diesel), then the first number indicates axles, the second number is a class designator followed by its number. Examples:  V43 is a 4 axle electric, M62 is a 6 axle diesel. Modified V43s are in the 2000 series while the originals are in the 1000 series. 

In some cases where an update has been carried out the block of numbers are in the next 100 or 1000s. There are plans to re-classify stock using a 4 digit class system which so far has only appeared on the Siemens Taurus 1047 (similar to ÖBB 1116) and diesel railcars of classes 6341 & 6342. 

Italian Mainlines:

Italian electric locomotives have an E prefix, the next digit indicates the number of axles. Italian locos with 6 axles are articulated and are Bo-Bo-Bo types. Mainline diesels have a D prefix and most are of classes 345 & 445 with the 445 being the more powerful. Shunters numbers begin with 2. Electric railcars are prefixed by ALe and diesels by ALn, the next two digits give the seating capacity of that railcar (exceptions being ALe 426 & 506 units where the seats are double the class number). Link to FS Electrics & Diesels including all railcars

Italian Independents:

4 lines included so far. The narrow gauge electrified Ferrovia Trento Male, the Ferrovia Adria Mestre, Ferrovia Udine Cividale and the closed Ferrovia Elettrica Val di Fiemme.   Link to them.

Eastern USA:

Photos of Penn Central, Conrail, Baltimore & Ohio, Erie Lackawanna & Amtrak. Link to Mainlines

Western USA:

These include the Cumbres & Toltec running in both New Mexico and Colorado, The Durango & Silverton and the Georgetown Loop in Colorado. Link to US Steam.
Photos of from a 1987 trip include Rio Grande, Santa Fe and the Burlington Northern. The site includes Coor's Brewery shunters.  Link to Mainlines

British Mainlines:

The first digit of the loco number from 0 to 6 indicates diesels with the higher the number, the more powerful the locomotive. DC electrics start with a 7 and AC electrics start with an 8 or 9.
Multiple units starting with 1 are diesel mechanical or hydraulic, 2 are diesel electric, 3 are AC or dual AC/DC, 4 are DC electrics. Some DC units only carry the last 4 numbers of their 6 digit number. Link to UK Mainlines.

British Preserved Steam:

The first enthusiast run steam rail service in Britain dates from 1951 with the narrow gauge Talyllyn  Railway in Wales followed in 1960 by the Bluebell in Sussex. Somewhere near 2000 standard gauge steam locomotives have been saved following the end of steam in 1968. Link to UK Steam



Last Updated: August 07, 2011
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